The Glossary

Hearing test (Høreprøve)

A hearing test is normally administered by the use of headphones through which different sounds are sent. You will be asked to indicate when you hear these sounds. By examining which tones you are able to hear, the physician or technician administering the test is able to assess your overall hearing.

Audiogram (Audiogram)

The result of a hearing test is recorded in an audiogram. An audiogram is a coordinate system that provides a clear graphic representation of the extent of one's loss of hearing.

Special consultant (Specialkonsulent)

You can find special consultants many places in the country. Offered through the municipalities, special consultants provide free consulting for the hearing impaired. Their many tasks include co-ordinating the various available assistance opportunities. Special consultants can help you with problems related to communication at the workplace, obtaining assistive technology for school and work, seeking financial support, funding for interpreter services, courses, accepting a loss of hearing and more.

If there aren´t any special consultants in your municipality, you can contact your job centre or Hearing institute/Communication centre. To see if there are any special consultants in your municipality, click here.

Hearing institute/Communication centre (Høreinstitut/Kommunikationscenter)

Hearing institutes and communication centres are special training and consulting centres for people with hearing impairments and other disabilities. The services provided by hearing institutes and communication centres are available to all and are intended to provide people with added opportunities for communicating and interacting with their surroundings. Here you'll find help on using your hearing aid, applying for support for hearing-related assistive technology, courses on hearing techniques and more.

Audiological unit/Hearing clinic (Audiologisk afdeling/Høreklinik)

At an audiological unit or hearing clinic, assistance is offered for people with problems related to hearing. Services offered here include hearing tests, fittings for hearing aids and advice on how to use your hearing aid.

Private provider (Privat forhandler)

After receiving a physician's referral for a hearing aid, it is up to you to decide whether to obtain your hearing aid from the public hospital service at no cost, or to receive a public subsidy to purchase one from an authorised private practitioner.

Personal assistance (Personlig assistance)

Individuals with permanent disabilities such as a hearing impairment are eligible to receive government funding for on-the-job personal assistance. Personal assistance may entail the services of an interpreter during meetings or courses (e.g.).

Written interpreting services (Skrivetolkning)

A writing interpreter communicates everything that is said by writing everything down on a computer, so that individuals with hearing impairments can follow along by reading the information on a screen. Writing interpreter services can be used during meetings, courses, important conferences, social events, etc.

Sign language interpreting service (Tegnsprogstolkning)

A sign language interpreter communicates everything that is said by translating it into sign language. This service naturally requires that the individual with a hearing impairment understands sign language. Sign language interpreter services can be used during meetings, courses, important conferences, social events, etc.

Hearing aid (Høreapparat)

A hearing aid consists of a microphone, amplifier and a speaker. Its function can be compared with that of a PA system, in which the speaker speaks into a microphone and sound is amplified and emitted through speakers.

There are three types of hearing aids: Behind-the-ear hearing aids or BTEs, in-the-ear hearing aids or ITEs, and completely-in-canal hearing aids, or CICs. These terms refer to the appearance of the device as well as where it is worn. Hearing aids can be adapted to fit the needs of even a severe loss of hearing. Even though a hearing aid can never substitute for 'normal' hearing, the sound reproduction it provides is of great help to many.

Hearing-related assistive technology (Høretekniske hjælpemidler)

Hearing-related assistive technology covers a wide array of products, which, when used alone or in combination with a hearing aid, help individuals to hear better in specific situations or under special circumstances.

Examples of hearing-related assistive technology include induction loop systems, FM systems, amplified telephones, etc.

Induction loop system (Teleslynge)

An induction loop system is a device used to amplify sound and send via wireless signals directly to a hearing aid. Induction loop systems can therefore help a person to hear better when the source of sound is far away, or in places with poor acoustics or high levels of background noise. An induction loop system can also be connected to a television, radio, computer, etc; alternatively, the device can be connected to microphones during meetings or training sessions (e.g.).

You can use an induction loop system if your hearing aid contains a telecoil (the 'T' or 'M-T' programme). The hearing aid must be set to this programme when connected to an induction loop system. Induction loop systems are found in a number of public institutions, churches and cinemas.

FM system (FM-system)

An FM system is a wireless unit in which the signal from e.g. a microphone can be received directly in the user's hearing aid, in the same way that an FM radio receives a signal from a radio broadcast tower. The receiver is an independent unit that is connected to the hearing aid, while the sender is typically a small hand-held microphone that can be placed on a table, around a speaker's neck or in the user's hand. Some FM systems can be connected to different types of telephones, headphones, stereo systems and alarms.

Telephones (Telefoner)

Some people with hearing impairments are able to use normal telephones, as long as the conversation is held in quiet surroundings and the person on the line speaks clearly. Amplified telephones are also available, which amplify sound in the receiver. Many FM systems can be connected to stationary or mobile phones.

Signal sounds/ringing systems/vibrating alarm clock (signallyde/ringeanlæg/vibratorvækkeure)

It is important to be able to notice different types of signals, for example warning signals like fire alarms or the ringing of the telephone, doorbell or alarm clock. Different assistive technology devices can be useful in these situations, either by producing louder sounds, or by connecting blinking lights or vibration devices to a given unit. Examples of this type of assistive technology include:

  • Vibrating alarm clocks: alarm clocks that vibrate instead of beep to wake users with hearing impairments.
  • Light devices: a system that sends a visual signal (via a blinking light) when the doorbell/telephone rings or other situations arise.